Raymond Raymond / Hadoop, Hive & HBase

Install Hadoop 3.0.0 on Windows (Single Node)

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Install Hadoop 3.0.0 on Windows (Single Node)

This page summarizes the steps to install Hadoop 3.0.0 on your Windows environment. Reference page:

https://wiki.apache.org/hadoop/Hadoop2OnWindows

https://hadoop.apache.org/docs/r1.2.1/cluster_setup.html

infoA newer version of installation guide for latest Hadoop 3.2.1 is available. I recommend using that to install as it has a number of new features. Refer to the following article for more details. 

Install Latest Hadoop 3.2.1 on Windows 10 Step by Step Guide

Tools and Environment

  • GIT Bash
  • Command Prompt
  • Windows 10

Download Binary Package

Download the latest binary from the following site:

http://hadoop.apache.org/releases.html

In my case, I am saving the file to folder: F:\DataA nalytics

UnZip binary package

Open Git Bash, and change directory (cd) to the folder where you save the binary package and then unzip:

$ cd F:\DataAnalytics
fahao@Raymond-Alienware MINGW64 /f/DataAnalytics
$ tar -xvzf  hadoop-3.0.0.tar.gz

In my case, the Hadoop binary is extracted to: F:\DataAnalytics\hadoop-3.0.0

Setup environment variables

Make sure the following environment variables are set correctly:

  • JAVA_HOME: pointing to your Java JDK installation folder.
  • HADOOP_HOME: pointing to your Hadoop folder in the previous step.

image

Then add ‘%JAVA_HOME%/bin’ and ‘%HADOOP_HOME%/bin’ into Path environment variable like the following screenshot:

image

Verify your setup

You should be able to verify your settings via the following command:

F:\DataAnalytics\hadoop-3.0.0>hadoop -version
java version "1.8.0_161"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_161-b12)
Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.161-b12, mixed mode)

HDFS configurations

Edit file hadoop-env.cmd

Change this file in %HADOOP_HOME%/etc/hadoop directory to add the following lines at the end of file:

set HADOOP_PREFIX=%HADOOP_HOME%
set HADOOP_CONF_DIR=%HADOOP_PREFIX%\etc\hadoop
set YARN_CONF_DIR=%HADOOP_CONF_DIR%
set PATH=%PATH%;%HADOOP_PREFIX%\bin

Edit file core-site.xml

Make sure the following configurations are existing:

<configuration>
   <property>
     <name>fs.defaultFS</name>
     <value>hdfs://0.0.0.0:19000</value>
   </property> </configuration>

By default, the above property configuration doesn’t exist.

Edit file hdfs-site.xml

Make sure the following configurations are existing (you can change the file path to your own paths):

<configuration>
   <property>
     <name>dfs.replication</name>
     <value>1</value>
   </property>
   <property>
     <name>dfs.name.dir</name>
     <value>file:///F:/DataAnalytics/dfs/namespace_logs</value>
   </property>
   <property>
     <name>dfs.data.dir</name>
     <value>file:///F:/DataAnalytics/dfs/data</value>
   </property> </configuration>

The above configurations setup the HFDS locations for storing namespace, logs and data files.

Edit file workers

Ensure the following content is existing:

localhost

YARN configurations

Edit file mapred-site.xml

Edit mapred-site.xml under %HADOOP_HOME%\etc\hadoop and add the following configuration, replacing %USERNAME% with your Windows user name.

<configuration>
   <property>
      <name>mapreduce.job.user.name</name>
      <value>%USERNAME%</value>
    </property>
   <property>
      <name>mapreduce.framework.name</name>
      <value>yarn</value>
    </property>
  <property>
     <name>yarn.apps.stagingDir</name>
     <value>/user/%USERNAME%/staging</value>
   </property>
  <property>
     <name>mapreduce.jobtracker.address</name>
     <value>local</value>
   </property>
</configuration>

Edit file yarn-site.xml

Make sure the following entries are existing:

<configuration>
   <property>
     <name>yarn.server.resourcemanager.address</name>
     <value>0.0.0.0:8020</value>
   </property>
  <property>
     <name>yarn.server.resourcemanager.application.expiry.interval</name>
     <value>60000</value>
   </property>
  <property>
     <name>yarn.server.nodemanager.address</name>
     <value>0.0.0.0:45454</value>
   </property>
  <property>
     <name>yarn.nodemanager.aux-services</name>
     <value>mapreduce_shuffle</value>
   </property>
  <property>
     <name>yarn.nodemanager.aux-services.mapreduce.shuffle.class</name>
     <value>org.apache.hadoop.mapred.ShuffleHandler</value>
   </property>
  <property>
     <name>yarn.server.nodemanager.remote-app-log-dir</name>
     <value>/app-logs</value>
   </property>
  <property>
     <name>yarn.nodemanager.log-dirs</name>
     <value>/dep/logs/userlogs</value>
   </property>
  <property>
     <name>yarn.server.mapreduce-appmanager.attempt-listener.bindAddress</name>
     <value>0.0.0.0</value>
   </property>
  <property>
     <name>yarn.server.mapreduce-appmanager.client-service.bindAddress</name>
     <value>0.0.0.0</value>
   </property>
  <property>
     <name>yarn.log-aggregation-enable</name>
     <value>true</value>
   </property>
  <property>
     <name>yarn.log-aggregation.retain-seconds</name>
     <value>-1</value>
   </property>
  <property>
     <name>yarn.application.classpath</name>
     <value>%HADOOP_CONF_DIR%,%HADOOP_COMMON_HOME%/share/hadoop/common/*,%HADOOP_COMMON_HOME%/share/hadoop/common/lib/*,%HADOOP_HDFS_HOME%/share/hadoop/hdfs/*,%HADOOP_HDFS_HOME%/share/hadoop/hdfs/lib/*,%HADOOP_MAPRED_HOME%/share/hadoop/mapreduce/*,%HADOOP_MAPRED_HOME%/share/hadoop/mapreduce/lib/*,%HADOOP_YARN_HOME%/share/hadoop/yarn/*,%HADOOP_YARN_HOME%/share/hadoop/yarn/lib/*</value>
   </property> </configuration>

Initialize environment variables

Run hadoop-env.cmd to setup environment variables. For my case, the file path is:

%HADOOP_HOME%\etc\hadoop\hadoop-env.cmd

Format file system

Run the following command to format the file system:

hadoop namenode -format

The command should print out some logs like the following (the highlighted path may vary base on your HDFS configurations):

2018-02-18 21:29:41,501 INFO namenode.FSImage: Allocated new BlockPoolId: BP-353327356-172.24.144.1-1518949781495
2018-02-18 21:29:41,817 INFO common.Storage: Storage directory F:\DataAnalytics\dfs\namespace_logs has been successfully formatted.
2018-02-18 21:29:41,826 INFO namenode.FSImageFormatProtobuf: Saving image file F:\DataAnalytics\dfs\namespace_logs\current\fsimage.ckpt_0000000000000000000 using no compression
2018-02-18 21:29:41,934 INFO namenode.FSImageFormatProtobuf: Image file F:\DataAnalytics\dfs\namespace_logs\current\fsimage.ckpt_0000000000000000000 of size 390 bytes saved in 0 seconds.
2018-02-18 21:29:41,969 INFO namenode.NNStorageRetentionManager: Going to retain 1 images with txid >= 0

Start HDFS daemons

Run the following command to start the NameNode and DataNode on localhost.

%HADOOP_HOME%\sbin\start-dfs.cmd

The above command line will open two Command Prompt Windows: one for namenode and another for datanode.

image

To verify, let’s copy a file to HDFS:

%HADOOP_HOME%\bin\hdfs dfs -put file:///F:/DataAnalytics/test.txt /
And then list the files in HDFS:
%HADOOP_HOME%\bin\hdfs dfs -ls /

You should get some result similiar to the following screenshot:

image

Start YARN daemons

Start YARN through the following command:

%HADOOP_HOME%\sbin\start-yarn.cmd

Similar to HDFS, two windows will open:

image

To verify, we can run the following sample job to count word count:

%HADOOP_HOME%\bin\yarn jar %HADOOP_HOME%\share\hadoop\mapreduce\hadoop-mapreduce-examples-3.0.0.jar wordcount /test.txt /out

image

Web UIs

Resource manager

You can also view your job status through YRAN website. The default path is http://localhost:8088

imageimage

NameNode UI

Default URL: http://localhost:9870

image

image

DataNode UI

Through name node, you can find out all the data nodes. For my case, i only have single data node with UI URL as http://localhost:9864 

image

Errors and fixes

java.io.FileNotFoundException: Could not locate Hadoop executable: … \hadoop-3.0.0\bin\winutils.exe

Refer to the following page to fix the problem:

https://wiki.apache.org/hadoop/WindowsProblems

java.lang.UnsatisfiedLinkError: org.apache.hadoop.io.nativeio.NativeIO$Windows.access0(Ljava/lang/String;I)

This error is the same as the above one.

Refer to ‘Windows binaries for Hadoop versions (built from the git commit ID used for the ASF relase) ‘

https://github.com/steveloughran/winutils 

For this example, I am using Hadoop 3.0.0.

https://github.com/steveloughran/winutils/tree/master/hadoop-3.0.0/bin

To fix it, copy over the above directory to %HADOOP_HOME%/bin.

More from Kontext
comment Comments
C Chong Stephen #267 access_time 5 years ago more_vert

Hi Raymond,

Yes. the DFS running successfully. 

Alright! I will proceed to go for hadoop version 3.2.1 and will notify you in that post if I have any error. 

Thanks a lot for your help!

format_quote

person Raymond access_time 5 years ago

Hi Chong,

I assume you followed all the exact steps?

And also is DFS services running successfully? You should be able to see two Command Prompt windows (one for name node and another for data node) if it is successful. The two windows will print live logs.

Use the following command, you should also able to see the listening port on 19000.

netstat -an  | grep 19000
  TCP    0.0.0.0:19000          0.0.0.0:0              LISTENING
  TCP    192.168.56.1:1427      192.168.56.1:19000     ESTABLISHED
  TCP    192.168.56.1:19000     192.168.56.1:1427      ESTABLISHED

You can also view the portal if it is started: http://localhost:9870.

If not that means the services are not started successfully.

I don't have my 3.0.0 environment in my system so hard to diagnose. However I do have the latest 3.2.1 environment and it is working properly:

Install Latest Hadoop 3.2.1 on Windows 10 Step by Step Guide

Maybe you can try this one and it will give better chance for me to find out any issue as I would have same environment as you. 

Raymond Raymond #266 access_time 5 years ago more_vert

Hi Chong,

I assume you followed all the exact steps?

And also is DFS services running successfully? You should be able to see two Command Prompt windows (one for name node and another for data node) if it is successful. The two windows will print live logs.

Use the following command, you should also able to see the listening port on 19000.

netstat -an  | grep 19000
  TCP    0.0.0.0:19000          0.0.0.0:0              LISTENING
  TCP    192.168.56.1:1427      192.168.56.1:19000     ESTABLISHED
  TCP    192.168.56.1:19000     192.168.56.1:1427      ESTABLISHED

You can also view the portal if it is started: http://localhost:9870.

If not that means the services are not started successfully.

I don't have my 3.0.0 environment in my system so hard to diagnose. However I do have the latest 3.2.1 environment and it is working properly:

Install Latest Hadoop 3.2.1 on Windows 10 Step by Step Guide

Maybe you can try this one and it will give better chance for me to find out any issue as I would have same environment as you. 

format_quote

person Chong access_time 5 years ago

Hi Raymond,

My core-site.xml has changed to 

<configuration>
    <property>
        <name>fs.defaultFS</name>
        <value>hdfs://localhost:19000</value>
    </property>
</configuration>
but the error still persist.
Please let me know if you need more information.
C Chong Stephen #264 access_time 5 years ago more_vert

Hi Raymond,

My core-site.xml has changed to 

<configuration>
    <property>
        <name>fs.defaultFS</name>
        <value>hdfs://localhost:19000</value>
    </property>
</configuration>
but the error still persist.
Please let me know if you need more information.
format_quote

person Raymond access_time 5 years ago

Hi Chong,

Can you show me your core-site.xml configuration file? 

My version works with the following settings however fs.default.name was deprecated in 3.0.0 and we'd better use fs.defaultFS.

<configuration>
   <property>
     <name>fs.default.name</name>
     <value>hdfs://0.0.0.0:19000</value>
   </property> </configuration>

Can you try change it to localhost?

<configuration>
    <property>
        <name>fs.defaultFS</name>
        <value>hdfs://localhost:19000</value>
    </property>
</configuration>
C Chong Stephen #263 access_time 5 years ago more_vert

Yes, I did start the hdfs daemon by using the following command.

start-dfs.cmd
format_quote

Comment is deleted or blocked.

Raymond Raymond #260 access_time 5 years ago more_vert

Hi Chong,

Can you show me your core-site.xml configuration file? 

My version works with the following settings however fs.default.name was deprecated in 3.0.0 and we'd better use fs.defaultFS.

<configuration>
   <property>
     <name>fs.default.name</name>
     <value>hdfs://0.0.0.0:19000</value>
   </property> </configuration>

Can you try change it to localhost?

<configuration>
    <property>
        <name>fs.defaultFS</name>
        <value>hdfs://localhost:19000</value>
    </property>
</configuration>
format_quote

person Chong access_time 5 years ago

Hi Raymond,

Thanks for the blog! It is very useful!

I have an issue at the copy file to HDFS Issue. It stated that "your endpoint configuration is wrong".
May I know is there anyway that I can resolve this issue?


C Chong Stephen #259 access_time 5 years ago more_vert

Hi Raymond,

Thanks for the blog! It is very useful!

I have an issue at the copy file to HDFS Issue. It stated that "your endpoint configuration is wrong".
May I know is there anyway that I can resolve this issue?


C Chong Stephen #258 access_time 5 years ago more_vert

Hi Raymond,

Thanks for the blog! It is very useful!

I have an issue at the copy file to HDFS Issue. It stated that "your endpoint configuration is wrong".
May I know is there anyway that I can resolve this issue?

D datascience training #255 access_time 5 years ago more_vert

Such a very useful post. Very interesting to read this blog.I would like to thank you for the efforts you had made for writing this awesome blog.  


Discover the world class data science course in New York thanks to the General Assembly. Learn Data Science and more.

Raymond Raymond #249 access_time 5 years ago more_vert

Apologies for the late reply. Have you got your problem resolved?



format_quote

person U-7e9qo64lwkem90f8 access_time 5 years ago

@Raymond Tang I run in console. i did not do double click on the cmd file.
Raymond Raymond #197 access_time 5 years ago more_vert

There are many ways to do it:

  • hadoop fs commands to copy file from local to HDFS
  • Spark or any other frames that can talk with HDFS...
  • Sqoop (SQL to Hadoop)
format_quote

person Swati Agarwal access_time 5 years ago

Hi there,

I have installed the Hadoop 3 as per instructions mentioned above. Please suggest the steps to load data in Hadoop through cmd in windows 10 and also to  perform operation on it.

Regards,

Swati

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