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Spark SQL - RANK Window Function

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About RANK function

RANK in Spark calculates the rank of a value in a group of values. It returns one plus the number of rows proceeding or equals to the current row in the ordering of a partition. The returned values are not sequential.  

RANK without partition

The following sample SQL uses RANK function without PARTITION BY clause:

SELECT TXN.*, RANK() OVER (ORDER BY TXN_DT) AS ROW_RANK FROM VALUES 
(101,10.01, DATE'2021-01-01'),
(101,102.01, DATE'2021-01-01'),
(102,93., DATE'2021-01-01'),
(103,913.1, DATE'2021-01-02'),
(101,900.56, DATE'2021-01-03')
AS TXN(ACCT,AMT, TXN_DT);

Result:

ACCT    AMT     TXN_DT  ROW_RANK
101     10.01   2021-01-01      1
101     102.01  2021-01-01      1
102     93.00   2021-01-01      1
103     913.10  2021-01-02      4
101     900.56  2021-01-03      5
warning The following warning message will show: WARN window.WindowExec: No Partition Defined for Window operation! Moving all data to a single partition, this can cause serious performance degradation. 

RANK with partition

The following sample SQL returns a rank number for each records in each window (defined by PARTITION BY):

SELECT TXN.*, 
RANK() OVER (PARTITION BY TXN_DT ORDER BY AMT DESC) AS ROWNUM 
FROM VALUES 
(101,10.01, DATE'2021-01-01'),
(101,102.01, DATE'2021-01-01'),
(102,93., DATE'2021-01-01'),
(103,913.1, DATE'2021-01-02'),
(101,900.56, DATE'2021-01-03')
AS TXN(ACCT,AMT, TXN_DT);

Result:

ACCT    AMT     TXN_DT  ROWNUM
101     102.01  2021-01-01      1
102     93.00   2021-01-01      2
101     10.01   2021-01-01      3
101     900.56  2021-01-03      1
103     913.10  2021-01-02      1

Records are allocated to windows based on TXN_DT column and the rank is computed based on column AMT.  

infoBy default, records will be sorted in ascending order. Use ORDER BY .. DESC to sort records in descending order.

Example table

The virtual table/data frame is cited from SQL - Construct Table using Literals.

info Last modified by Raymond 4 months ago copyright This page is subject to Site terms.
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